Henry Ford

Henry Ford said:

“I will build a motor car for the great multitude…constructed of the best materials, by the best men to be hired, after the simplest designs that modern engineering can devise…so low in price that no man making a good salary will be unable to own one-and enjoy with his family the blessing of hours of pleasure in God’s great open spaces.”

While working as an engineer for the Edison Illuminating Company in Detroit, he built his first petrol-powered horseless carriage, the Quadricycle, in the shed behind his home.

In 1903, he established the Ford Motor Company, and five years later the company produced the first Model T

In order to meet overwhelming demand for the vehicle, Ford introduced revolutionary new mass-production methods, including large production plants, the use of standardized, interchangeable parts and, in 1913, the world’s first moving assembly line for cars. 

Before 1913 vehicle production was based on a small team of skilled workers producing a single car (or rolling chassis to be sent to a coachbuilder). Henry Ford’s method was to organise a factory that supplied parts to a moving assembly line where a worker(s) would perform part of the assembly process before the car under construction was moved on to have the next assembly process.    

By 1918, half of all cars in America were Model Ts

Henry Ford had bought out all minority stockholders by 1920 & in 1927 he moved production to a massive industrial complex he had built along the banks of the River Rouge in Dearborn, Michigan.